Migration and related problems, which are among the most important agenda of the globalizing world, are increasing every year. Examining the International Organization for Migration (IOM) 2020 World Migration Report, B2Press announced that the number of international migrants is over 272 million.
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ISTANBUL (TR) - The migration problem, which is mostly caused by economic reasons and whose effect continues to increase with each passing year, reached its highest level in 2019. According to the B2Press Online PR Agency, which analyzed the International Organization for Migration (IOM) 2020 World Migration Report, the number of migrants worldwide rose to 272 million, reaching 3.5 per cent of the world's population. The migration estimates for 2050 were that the number of refugees worldwide will increase to 230 million and will constitute 2.6 per cent of the world's population. With the 2020 data, these estimates were exceeded 30 years ago. More than half of the migration movements were made by men, with 52 per cent, while the proportion of women was 48 per cent. 62.4 per cent of the migrants are between the ages of 25-39.
According to the data examined by B2Press, India is the country with the highest migration in the last 22 years with 17.5 million. Mexico is followed by Mexico with 11.8 million and China with 10.7 million. The country most preferred by migrants remains the United States (USA). In the last 22 years, 50.7 million migrants have made their way to the USA. In Europe, France was the most preferred. Britain and Germany followed France. The data show that over 114 million refugees worldwide live in Europe and North America, with 114 million.
The analyzed data revealed that there was a serious increase in economic migration movements worldwide. While high and middle-income countries are included in the target, the biggest share in this increase was migrant workers. The number of migrant workers in middle-income countries rose to 30.5 million, experiencing the largest increase in its history.
The number of people who left their country due to violence, conflict, war and natural disasters, regardless of economic reasons, reached a total of 41.3 million. This number was considered a record in the data of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC), which has been monitored since 1998. Syria was the country with the highest migration with 6.1 million, followed by Colombia with 5.8 million and the Democratic Republic of Congo with 3.1 million. The total number of people who migrated due to conflict and violence has nearly doubled since 2000. As in previous years, natural disasters triggered the vast majority of migrations. While the number of people who migrated due to storms reached 9.3 million people, the number of people who migrated due to floods was recorded at 5.4 million.
According to the data analyzed by B2Press, the global refugee population was recorded as 25.9 million in 2018. The main countries facing the refugee problem were Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar, Somalia, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Eritrea and Burundi. These countries made up about 16.6 million, or 82 per cent, of the total refugee population. It is noted that 52 per cent of the global refugee population is under the age of 18.